Factors that impact the accuracy of mass flow meters saw by thermal dispersion; the flow profile and its conditioning PART III


We finish this series of articles on mass flow meters talking about the influence of flow conditioners.

Flow conditioners according to straight sections

The multiple disturbances prior to the equipment have a cumulative effect on the flow profile. If it is not possible to have enough straight sections it is advisable to use a flow conditioner.

The flow conditioners can provide a uniform flow profile at the sensor location. This flow profile is different from the flow profile that occurs when we have the optimal straight stretches for the application. It is essential to calibrate the flowmeter with the flow conditioner knowing the details of the location point. With this we refer to: type of gas, characteristics of the pipeline, straight ascending sections available, disturbances and depth.

Flow conditioners of the Sierra brand: If the straight sections are insufficient, the two types of flow conditioners provide a uniform flow profile.

Online flowmeter: For this type the flow conditioner is integrated into the body of the flow meter.

Conditioner for insertion meters: The assembly of two conditioning plates located between two flanges can be effective. The end user is the one who supplies the flanges for this installation

Conditioner for insertion meters

Internal flow conditioner for insertion style meter

 

Importance of flow conditioning

Table 1. This table demonstrates the importance of flow conditioning with the Recommended pipe diameters prior to the equipment.

 

Table 1 shows the length section required in the pipes for a mass flow meter with integrated flow conditioning, compared to an orifice plate.
In all cases, the flow conditioning significantly reduces the recommended distance (straight stretches) prior to the equipment, for a correct installation of the mass meter by thermal dispersion.

Conclusion

Considering Sierra mass flowmeters by thermal dispersion in any application, the location must first be determined with care. It should also be reasoned a posteriori that the most convenient location may not offer the most accurate results. It is important to provide the manufacturer of the thermal mass flow meter, the conditions of application of the end user. That means the data on the pipe, the mixture of gas or gases used, the pressure of the process, and the route as the alterations thereof. In that case the manufacturer will offers us the most appropriate flow meter. The result would be the correct and propitious calibration of the meter in the factory.

For more information contact MATELCO, S.A tel. 93.66.55.553 . You also can use our email form from the contact section.

Factors that impact the accuracy of mass flow meters saw by thermal dispersion; the flow profile and its conditioning PART II


We continue with the second part of the series of articles about our Sierra mass flow meters.

 

Calibration in factory.

When measuring a gas with mass flow meters by thermal dispersion, it is important that the manufacturer knows the process conditions of the application that the end user requires for that meter. In this way, the manufacturer can calibrate the instrument according to the application. Without doing those previous steps, inaccuracies in the flow velocity may occur.

During the calibration, in the flow bank, by the manufacturer, a specific amount of gas flowing through the sensor is measured. This process is repeated several times throughout the operating range to determine the relationship between the mass flow rate and the signal for the gas and the sensor subjected to calibration.

Points to consider:

1.- Size of the pipeline

check the size of the pipe at the installation site, the thickness of the pipe and the maximum gas velocity. This information must be transmitted to the manufacturer for optimal calibration.

2.- Composition of the gas

It is essential to calibrate the meter with the gas that the end user will use since each gas has different thermal properties. In addition, any change in the composition of the gas will generate incorrect results. While some gases are pure, such as nitrogen or argon, others, such as biogas, consist of a mixture of gases. In the latter case, it is important to have both the Methane and CO2 content. This information must also be transmitted to the manufacturer for a proper calibration.

3.- Wet gas

If there is moisture or particles in the gas, the installation must be modified correctly to prevent any condensate from reaching the sensor. The primary principle of mass flow meters by thermal dispersion involves the transfer of heat caused by the gas flow. The moisture condensed in the gas that comes into contact with the heated sensor rapidly increases the heat transfer, and the flow meter responds with a peak, giving an inaccurate measurement of the flow rate.

Following the next steps can help solve problems with wet gases when measured with Sierra mass flow meters by thermal dispersion:

  • a) Tilt the sensor 45 degrees into the pipe so that if condensations occur on the pipe wall, the gravity itself will move the condensation away from the sensor.
  • b) When a condensate separation tank is used, the condensate accumulates in the bottom separated from the gas. In this case, the gas flows through the container reducing the speed and where it makes a change of direction. Gravity causes condensates to fall while the gas rises and rises, eliminating moisture from the gas.
  • c) In some cases, a heated tape may be applied to the outer surface of the pipe to prevent condensation.

4.- Straight sections previous

Location of the meter installation is crucial. The disturbances adversely affect the flow profile of the gas flow. For more previous disturbances, a pipeline with more straight sections will be needed to achieve the required flow profile.

5.- Depth of insertion

The sensor of the mass flowmeter sensor should be in the center of the pipe because the higher flow velocity will be detected as far as possible from the walls of the pipe. There are at least two methods for inserting the probe in the center of the pipe.

The flowmeter sensor should be installed in the center of the pipe.

Contact us for more information at MATELCO, S.A tel. 93.66.55.553, or send us a mail from the contact section.

The excellent performance of the mass flow controller for the manufacture of beer and high quality beverages


  1. The mass flow controller for gases precision
  2. How does our mass flow controller works?
  3. The excellent performance of the model MaxTrak 180
  4. Main technical characteristics of mass flow controller

 

1. The mass flow controller for gases precision

Our mass flow controller for gases of the American firm Sierra allows us to guarantee our customers an accurate carbon dioxide (CO injection 2 ) in the manufacture of beer and top shelf liquor.

 

2. How does our mass flow controller works?

The control of the mass flow of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is a crucial part in the manufacturing process of beers and high quality beverages.

It is essential that beverage manufacturers have the ability to control the exact amount of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) being injected into their drinks during the bottling process .

The mass flow controllers (MFCs) are used to regulate and control the amount of CO 2 injected into the bottles during the filling and capping to ensure product uniformity , as we wanted reflected in the following graph.

Performance mass flow controller during beer bottling

 

During the bottling process, injection of too much CO 2 will result in an excessively soft drink and may cause breakage of bottles. And this, in turn, may affect a security problem on the ground as well as product loss caused by accidental spillage.

However, poor injection of CO 2 will make the beer has very little flavor. In any situation, we talk about a lot of drinks that should be discarded, which would also result in loss of product . What’s more, all this can entail significant costs for the company and affect corporate margins.

We have observed that many companies use the volumetric flow and differential pressure control gas flow in the injection of CO 2 . However, measuring volumetric flow are not the most suitable for this application, due in part to the high variability of the flow required during commissioning and periods of low production.

 

3. The excellent performance model 180 MaxTrak

Direct mass flow of CO 2 , measured mass controllers thermal dispersion, as MaxTrak model 180 provides a reliable, stable, accurate and repeatable flow. Essentially, counting and controlling each molecule of gas flowing through the equipment a high accuracy is achieved .

In addition, this model mass flow controller is not affected by the gas temperature nor by fluctuations prior to pressure equipment. So that control gas mass flow is direct and unequivocal.

MaxTrak meets industrial requirements MFC (Mass Flow Controller) with IP67 protection and provides reliable mass flow and uniform indispensable for beverage processing industry and beer .
Mass flow controller 180 Max Track
The meter mass gas thermal dispersion (bypass capillary), with control valve integrated flow (flow controller), MaxTrak 180 model for injection of CO 2, is a suitable technological solution for the beverage industry.

 

 

 

4. Main technical characteristics of mass flow controller

The main technical characteristics of our mass flow controller for precise injection of CO 2 in the manufacture of beer and beverage

1 # Accuracy : +/- 1% of full scale
2 # Repeatability : +/- 0.2% of full scale
3 # special version Industrial with protection IP67
4 #
System fully as digital
5 #
Allows field adjustments to save time
6 #
Calibration preprogrammed for 10 gases : air, Ar, CO 2 , CO, CH 4 , He, H 2 , O 2 , N 2 , and N 2 O

“Our mass flow controller provides reliable mass flow and uniform indispensable for manufacturers of beer and drinks.”

Contact our experts to learn more about our mass flow controller high precision or to propose the most appropriate solution for automation of industrial processes .